Oslo Economics and the Norwegian Computing Center have conducted a knowledge acquisition on electronic and internet-based solutions for voting. This provides a foundation for assessing the possibilities, risks, benefits, and costs of various solutions in relation to each other.
The Electoral Law Committee in Norway in 2020 concluded that the technology was not sufficiently secure to introduce electronic voting for parliamentary and local elections in Norway at that time. Based on this, the government, in its proposal for a new electoral law, did not suggest the implementation of electronic voting.
Technological advancements are happening rapidly, and the Ministry of Local Government and Regional Developement (Kommunal- og distriktsdepartementet, KDD) sought more knowledge about electronic and internet-based voting to make informed assessments regarding the possibilities and risks associated with electronic voting in elections. On behalf of KDD, Oslo Economics, in collaboration with the Norwegian Computing Center (Norsk Regnesentral), have prepared a knowledge acquisition that allows for weighing the possibilities, risks, benefits, and costs of various electronic voting solutions against each other.
The assignment encompasses a comprehensive study of relevant aspects related to electronic and internet-based voting. The knowledge acquisition includes various solutions for electronic voting that can be used either in polling stations or for online voting . The report analyses the extent to which these different solutions meet criteria for security, transparency, verifiability, usability, and inclusiveness. The report also assesses resource usage. To provide a basis for comparison, the current paper-based system is also included in the analyses.